OnePlus 7 Pro (Review) has got a new software update that adds a very interesting feature: DC Dimming. This isn’t completely out of the blue because OnePlus CEO Pete Lau had earlier confirmed on Weibo that DC Dimming was coming to OnePlus phones as a test feature in Laboratory. If you are wondering what exactly we are talking about here, it’s understandable. Let’s elaborate.
What is DC Dimming?
The most inexpensive solution to lower display brightness of LCD and OLED screens is PWM (or Pulse-Width Modulation).
In the context of LCD displays that have a backlight, PWM is about switching the backlight on and off at high frequency. This is done at a fast pace and your eyes perceive the combined effect as low brightness. For instance, to achieve 50 percent brightness, the backlight needs to be on and off for the same time.
However, the problem is that some people are more sensitive to this backlight switching and are affected by this flicker, particularly at low brightness. For such users, using phones that use PWM in low light results in eye fatigue, severe headaches, and migraine
Source: Android Developers
DC Dimming, on the other hand, is simple in theory and the most obvious way of reducing brightness. It involves reducing current or voltage through the backlight to lower the brightness.
DC Dimming, however, isn’t easy to implement for OLED screens, the kind OnePlus uses on its phones. This is because, in AMOLED displays, each pixel is powered separately and reducing the voltage or current through these OLEDs also causes a shift in color.
Which is to say, with DC Dimming, you will notice different colors at different brightness levels. So, OEMs resort to passing high current through OLED at all times and maneuver off periods in the PWM cycle to lower brightness.
This is also why OnePlus has listed Dc dimming as an optional feature in Laboratory. Colors take a hit and thus users who aren’t sensitive to PWM or flicker have the option to opt out.
How other manufacturers like Samsung, Apple, and LG reduce brightness on AMOLED displays?
Manufacturers like Samsung, Apple, and LG use PWM in combination with Analog brightness control to reduce flicker on their OLED screen for smartphones and TVs. In this approach, the initial dimming is done by reducing the current through OLEDs, and for low brightness level, PWM is applied.
Xiaomi is another OEM who has added DC Dimming support to Mi 9 and Black Shark 2 gaming phone.
Huawei still uses PWM and screen flicker is very prominent on flagships like Huawei P30 Pro. The good thing is that the DC Dimming option can be pushed via an OTA update.
PWM isn’t the only cause.
Low refresh rate (below 60Hz) display or low refresh rate videos can also add flicker. Another factor is scrolling or fast animations on low refresh rate displays.
To protect your eyes from flicker, avoid using your phone in a dark ambiance as far as possible. You can also opt for high refresh rate screens and monitors (greater than 120Hz) at the workplace.
If you are using an OLED display phone, it’s advisable to avoid using it at minimum brightness for watching videos. iPhone X, for example, doesn’t show flicker at 50 percent brightness but shows strong flicker at lower brightness levels. But that’s not always a solution. Huawei’s P30 Pro shows excessive flickering at anywhere below 100% brightness.
How to enable DC Dimming on OnePlus phones
The option is currently available only on the 7 Pro and 7. You can also turn on DC dimming right before night time usage and turn it off later. An automatic scheduler would have helped.
Step 1: Open the main Settings menu and scroll down to Utilities.
Step 2: Now tap on OnePlus laboratory and turn on DC Dimming.
This is surely something people sensitive to flicker will appreciate.